Frankincense FAQ: 50 Common Questions Addressed

Frankincense has a rich history spanning centuries, with its use deeply intertwined with various cultural and religious practices. This aromatic resin, derived from the Boswellia tree, has garnered a reputation for its potential health and spiritual benefits. As curiosity about its properties and applications continues to grow, it’s essential to address the most common questions that people have about frankincense. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the world of frankincense, offering insights, explanations, and practical information to help you better understand this intriguing substance and its many uses.

Frankincense: 50 Questions & Answers

What is Frankincense?

Frankincense is a resin derived from the Boswellia tree, particularly Boswellia sacra, Boswellia carterii, and other related species. It has been used for centuries in various cultures for its aromatic and medicinal properties.

What is the scientific name of Frankincense?

Frankincense originates from several species of the Boswellia genus, and the scientific name may vary depending on the specific species. Boswellia sacra, Boswellia carteri, and Boswellia frereana are some of the primary species used to produce frankincense. Each of these species contributes to different varieties of frankincense with their unique characteristics and fragrances.

Does Frankincense have other common names?

Frankincense is often referred to by its regional or common names, depending on where it is harvested. Some of these names include Olibanum, Luban, and Ru Xiang. Additionally, the different species of Boswellia may have their own regional names, such as Hojari or Dhup in India and Somalia. These names reflect the diverse cultural and geographical origins of frankincense.

What is Frankincense’s traditional and modern medicinal use?

Frankincense has a rich history of traditional medicinal use, dating back to ancient civilizations in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. Traditionally, it has been used to treat a range of ailments, from inflammatory conditions to respiratory issues. It’s also known for its role in religious and spiritual rituals.

In modern times, frankincense is still employed in traditional medicine for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. It’s used in various forms, such as essential oil and supplements, to alleviate symptoms of conditions like arthritis, asthma, and inflammatory bowel diseases. Research is ongoing to explore its potential in cancer treatment and managing chronic diseases, though further clinical evidence is needed to substantiate these claims.

What nutrients (vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, etc.) does Frankincense contain?

Frankincense contains a variety of nutrients and compounds. While its nutritional content may not be as extensive as that of fruits or vegetables, it does contain essential oils, resin, and various bioactive compounds. Some of these compounds are believed to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, potentially contributing to its medicinal benefits. Frankincense is a complex mixture of terpenes, sesquiterpenes, and other organic molecules, making its composition quite diverse.

Find the Best Frankincense Products

Thousands of customer reviews are available to help you make the right choice. Embrace the power of nature!

Are there any potential side effects associated with Frankincense?

Frankincense, derived from the resin of Boswellia trees, is generally considered safe when used as directed. However, some individuals may experience mild side effects, such as gastrointestinal discomfort or skin irritation, when consuming or applying it topically. These effects are usually rare and occur in sensitive individuals. It’s advisable to perform a patch test before applying Frankincense oil to the skin to check for any adverse reactions. If you experience any unusual or severe side effects, consult a healthcare professional.

The recommended dosage of Frankincense can vary depending on the form in which it’s used. For essential oil, a common guideline is 2-3 drops diluted in a carrier oil for topical application. When taken orally in supplement form, such as capsules or tablets, dosages typically range from 300 to 1,200 milligrams per day. However, it’s crucial to follow the specific product’s instructions or consult with a healthcare provider for personalized dosing recommendations, as individual tolerance and desired outcomes may vary.

Is Frankincense safe for pregnant or breastfeeding women?

While Frankincense has a long history of traditional use, its safety during pregnancy and breastfeeding is not well-studied. It’s advisable for pregnant and breastfeeding women to consult with a healthcare professional before using Frankincense in any form to ensure it doesn’t pose any potential risks to themselves or their infants.

Can children safely consume Frankincense?

Frankincense is generally considered safe for children when used appropriately and in moderation. However, it’s essential to consult with a pediatrician or healthcare provider to determine the correct dosage and form of Frankincense suitable for children, as it may differ from adults.

How should Frankincense be prepared or consumed (e.g., tea, tincture, capsules, tablets)?

Frankincense can be consumed in various forms, including as an essential oil, resin, capsules, or tablets. For aromatherapy or topical use, dilute essential oil with a carrier oil. To ingest it, capsules or tablets are common forms, but some people also dissolve Frankincense resin in warm water to create a tea-like infusion. The choice of preparation method depends on personal preference and intended use. Always follow the product instructions and consult a healthcare provider for guidance on proper consumption.

Are there any contraindications or health conditions that Frankincense may worsen?

Frankincense is generally considered safe for most people when used topically or inhaled. However, there are a few contraindications to be aware of. It should be avoided during pregnancy, as it may stimulate uterine contractions. Additionally, individuals with bleeding disorders or those taking anticoagulant medications should use caution, as Frankincense may have mild blood-thinning properties.

Where is Frankincense usually sourced or cultivated?

Frankincense primarily originates from regions in the Middle East and Africa, with countries like Oman, Yemen, and Ethiopia being major producers. The resin is extracted from the Boswellia tree, which thrives in arid climates. These regions have a long history of cultivating and harvesting Frankincense.

Yes, Frankincense is legal to possess and use in the United States. It is readily available as an essential oil, resin, or in various other forms in the market. However, it’s essential to purchase from reputable sources to ensure product quality and purity.

Are there any known allergens in Frankincense?

Frankincense is generally non-allergenic when used topically or inhaled, and allergic reactions are rare. However, like with any substance, some individuals may be sensitive or allergic to it. It’s advisable to perform a patch test before applying Frankincense oil to a larger area of skin to rule out any adverse reactions.

May Frankincense supplements contain contaminants like pesticides or heavy metals?

Frankincense supplements may potentially contain contaminants like pesticides or heavy metals, depending on the source and manufacturing process. To ensure product safety, look for reputable brands that conduct third-party testing for purity and quality. This can help minimize the risk of exposure to harmful contaminants when using Frankincense supplements.

Are there any known long-term effects of using Frankincense?

Frankincense has been used for centuries in traditional medicine and is generally considered safe when used in moderation. However, there is limited scientific research on its long-term effects. Some individuals may experience mild gastrointestinal discomfort or skin irritation as a side effect. It’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional before using Frankincense supplements regularly over an extended period, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking other medications.

Do Frankincense supplements have a specific shelf life or expiration date?

Frankincense supplements, like many natural products, can lose potency over time. While there may not be a strict expiration date, it’s best to follow the manufacturer’s recommended shelf life and storage instructions. Typically, storing them in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight will help maintain their efficacy. If you notice changes in color, odor, or taste, it’s wise to replace the supplements, as they may have degraded.

What is the best time of day to take Frankincense?

The ideal time to take Frankincense supplements can vary among individuals. Some people prefer to take them in the morning to kickstart their day, while others find it more effective at night to promote relaxation and sleep. Ultimately, the best time depends on your personal preferences and how your body responds. Experimenting with different times can help you determine what works best for you.

Should Frankincense pills be taken with food or on an empty stomach?

Frankincense supplements can generally be taken with or without food. However, taking them with a small meal or snack may help reduce the risk of gastrointestinal discomfort for some individuals. If you have a sensitive stomach, starting with a small amount and gradually increasing the dosage while monitoring your body’s response is a prudent approach.

Are there any dietary restrictions or guidelines while using Frankincense?

There are no strict dietary restrictions associated with Frankincense use. However, it’s essential to maintain a balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle while incorporating any supplement. Ensure you stay hydrated and avoid excessive consumption of alcohol or other substances that may interact negatively with Frankincense. Consulting with a healthcare professional or herbalist can provide personalized guidance based on your specific health needs and goals.

The recommended duration of use for Frankincense can vary depending on the specific purpose and individual circumstances. Generally, it is advisable to use it for a limited period, such as a few weeks to a few months, and then assess its effects. However, if you have a chronic health condition or are using Frankincense for long-term support, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most appropriate duration.

Is it advisable to consult a healthcare professional before using Frankincense?

Yes, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional before using Frankincense, especially if you are pregnant, nursing, taking medications, or have underlying health conditions. Frankincense may interact with certain medications or may not be suitable for everyone. Consulting a healthcare expert ensures your safety and helps tailor the usage to your specific needs.

Are there any special precautions for storing Frankincense supplements?

Storing Frankincense supplements properly is crucial to maintain their potency. It’s recommended to store them in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight and moisture. Many people prefer using airtight containers to prevent exposure to air, which can degrade the quality of the supplement. Following these precautions can help prolong the shelf life of Frankincense supplements.

How does Frankincense taste, and can it be mixed with other herbs or foods for palatability?

Frankincense has a resinous, earthy taste that some people may find intense. To improve its palatability, you can mix it with other herbs, such as herbal teas or tinctures. Additionally, you can blend it with honey or incorporate it into recipes like salad dressings or smoothies. Experimenting with different combinations allows you to find a flavor profile that suits your preferences.

What other supplements work well together with Frankincense?

Frankincense is a versatile and valuable natural remedy with a range of potential health benefits. When combined with other supplements, it can enhance its effects and address various health concerns. Here are some supplements that work well in combination with Frankincense:

  • Turmeric (Curcumin): Combining Frankincense with curcumin, the active compound in Turmeric, can provide potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. This combination is particularly beneficial for joint health and reducing inflammation.
  • Ginger: Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties that, when combined with Frankincense, can provide comprehensive support for managing inflammation and pain.
  • Myrrh: Myrrh is another resin extract with potential health benefits. It can be combined with Frankincense for a broader range of health advantages, including immune support and skin health.
  • Vitamin D: Vitamin D supports immune function, and combining it with Frankincense may enhance its immune-boosting effects.
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Omega-3 supplements, such as fish oil, work well with Frankincense to provide anti-inflammatory benefits. This combination can be especially helpful for those with inflammatory conditions.
  • Ashwagandha: When paired with Frankincense, Ashwagandha can provide stress relief and adaptogenic support. This combination is excellent for managing the effects of chronic stress and promoting overall well-being.
  • B-complex Vitamins: B vitamins, such as B6 and B12, are essential for overall health. When combined with Frankincense, they can support energy levels, mood, and overall vitality.

Is there any scientific research or clinical evidence supporting Frankincense’s effectiveness?

Scientific research and clinical evidence supporting Frankincense’s effectiveness are growing. Several studies have explored its potential health benefits, such as anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. It’s been used in traditional medicine for centuries and is currently the subject of ongoing research. However, it’s crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before using it as a primary treatment.

Find the Best Frankincense Products

Thousands of customer reviews are available to help you make the right choice. Embrace the power of nature!

Are there any age restrictions for using Frankincense (e.g., suitable for the elderly)?

Frankincense generally doesn’t have specific age restrictions, making it suitable for the elderly when used in moderation. However, individual sensitivities can vary, so it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare provider, especially if you’re considering it for children or older adults with pre-existing health conditions.

Does Frankincense require a specific preparation method, such as decoction or infusion?

Frankincense can be prepared and consumed in various forms, including decoctions, infusions, or as an essential oil. The choice of preparation method often depends on the intended use. For internal consumption, infusions or supplements are common, while essential oils are typically used topically or for aromatherapy. Always follow recommended guidelines and consult with an expert for personalized advice.

Can Frankincense be used topically (externally) in addition to internal consumption?

Frankincense is versatile and can be used both topically and internally. Topical application is often preferred for addressing skin issues, such as scars or inflammation, as well as for aromatherapy. Make sure to dilute the essential oil properly with carrier oil before applying it to the skin and do a patch test to avoid any adverse reactions. Internal consumption, on the other hand, may involve capsules, extracts, or teas, and should be done under the guidance of a qualified practitioner.

Are there any known symptoms of overdose or excessive use of Frankincense?

Excessive use of Frankincense may lead to certain symptoms, although it’s relatively safe when used as directed. Overconsumption may result in digestive issues like diarrhea or stomach upset. Additionally, skin irritation can occur if applied topically in a concentrated form. It’s essential to use Frankincense in moderation and follow recommended dosages to avoid these potential side effects. If adverse reactions occur, discontinue use and seek medical advice.

What is Frankincense’s mode of action within the body?

Frankincense’s mode of action within the body is primarily attributed to its rich content of bioactive compounds, particularly boswellic acids. These compounds are believed to possess anti-inflammatory properties, which can help modulate the body’s immune response and reduce inflammation. Frankincense is also thought to have antioxidant effects, which may protect cells from oxidative damage. Additionally, it has been studied for its potential to inhibit the production of leukotrienes, molecules that play a role in inflammation.

Are there any known synergistic effects when Frankincense is combined with specific nutrients?

Frankincense is often combined with specific nutrients to enhance its effects. For instance, combining it with turmeric may have synergistic benefits due to their shared anti-inflammatory properties. Moreover, pairing Frankincense with black cumin seed oil is believed to boost its bioavailability, potentially making its therapeutic effects more pronounced.

Does Frankincense have a distinct aroma or essential oil that may have therapeutic benefits?

Frankincense has a distinct and captivating aroma that is commonly extracted into essential oil. This essential oil is renowned for its therapeutic benefits, such as promoting relaxation and reducing stress and anxiety. It is often used in aromatherapy to create a calming atmosphere, alleviate respiratory issues, and enhance mental clarity.

Are there any cultural or historical uses of Frankincense that should be considered?

Frankincense has a rich history of cultural and historical uses. It has been used for centuries in traditional medicine systems, including Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine, for its anti-inflammatory and healing properties. In ancient times, it was highly valued and used in religious ceremonies, perfumes, and embalming processes.

Does Frankincense have any spiritual or ceremonial significance in certain traditions?

Frankincense holds significant spiritual and ceremonial significance in various traditions and religions. For instance, it plays a vital role in Christianity, where it was one of the gifts presented to baby Jesus by the Three Wise Men. In Islamic traditions, it is used in incense rituals during prayers and special occasions. Additionally, Frankincense has been utilized in meditation and spiritual practices to induce a sense of tranquility and connection to the divine in different cultures around the world.

Are there any variations in Frankincense’s potency based on its geographic origin?

Yes, the potency of Frankincense can vary depending on its geographic origin. Different species and subspecies of Boswellia trees, which produce Frankincense resin, grow in various regions worldwide. Factors such as climate, soil conditions, and altitude can influence the chemical composition of the resin. Generally, the resin from Oman and Yemen is considered to be among the most potent, containing higher levels of beneficial compounds like boswellic acids.

Does Frankincense have a known effect on specific organs or body systems?

Frankincense has been traditionally associated with several potential health benefits, including anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic effects. It is believed to exert its influence on the body’s systems primarily through its anti-inflammatory properties, which can indirectly benefit organs and systems affected by inflammation.

Are there any known interactions of Frankincense with commonly prescribed medications?

Frankincense may interact with some commonly prescribed medications, particularly those that are metabolized by the liver enzymes CYP3A4 and CYP2C9. This interaction can potentially alter the way medications are processed in the body. It’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional before using Frankincense alongside medications to avoid any adverse effects or changes in medication efficacy.

What are the potential benefits and risks of long-term or chronic use of Frankincense?

The long-term or chronic use of Frankincense is generally considered safe for many people when used in recommended doses. It is often used to manage chronic inflammatory conditions like osteoarthritis and inflammatory bowel diseases. However, excessive or prolonged use may lead to gastrointestinal issues or skin reactions in some individuals. Monitoring for adverse effects and consulting with a healthcare provider is advisable for extended use.

Is it advisable to cycle on and off Frankincense to prevent tolerance or dependence?

While there is no clear evidence of tolerance or dependence associated with Frankincense, some individuals choose to cycle on and off the supplement. Cycling may help maintain its effectiveness and reduce the risk of potential side effects over extended periods. If you’re considering cycling, it’s best to follow guidance from a healthcare professional or herbalist to ensure it aligns with your specific health goals and needs.

Are there any precautions regarding driving or operating machinery while using Frankincense?

Frankincense, when used in its typical forms such as essential oil or resin, is generally safe and does not impair driving or the operation of machinery. However, it’s essential to dilute essential oils properly and use them as directed to avoid skin irritation or allergic reactions that could potentially distract you while driving or handling machinery.

Frankincense does not typically require dietary restrictions or significant lifestyle changes. However, if you’re using it for specific health concerns, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional, as they can provide personalized recommendations based on your individual needs.

Does Frankincense have any specific recommendations for addressing common side effects?

Common side effects of Frankincense are rare, but mild gastrointestinal discomfort or skin irritation may occur in some individuals. If you experience any side effects, it’s best to discontinue use and consult a healthcare practitioner. Additionally, staying well-hydrated and maintaining a balanced diet can help mitigate any potential discomfort.

Are there any known variations or subspecies of Frankincense with different properties?

Frankincense comes from various Boswellia tree species, each with its unique properties. The most common types are Boswellia sacra, Boswellia serrata, and Boswellia carterii. These subspecies may have slight variations in their chemical composition, which can result in differences in aroma and potential therapeutic effects. It’s essential to choose the specific type of Frankincense that aligns with your intended use and desired benefits.

Does Frankincense have any documented cases of misuse or abuse?

Frankincense is not typically associated with misuse or abuse. However, like any natural remedy, it’s crucial to use it responsibly and as directed. Misuse, such as ingesting undiluted essential oil or using it in excessive amounts, can lead to adverse reactions. Always follow recommended guidelines and consult a qualified healthcare practitioner if you have any concerns about its use.

Is Frankincense regulated or approved for medicinal use in the United States?

Frankincense is not regulated or approved for medicinal use in the United States by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, it is available as a dietary supplement and is commonly used in traditional medicine and complementary therapies.

Are there any known interactions of Frankincense when combined with other medicinal herbs?

Frankincense may interact with certain medicinal herbs or drugs. It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional before combining Frankincense with other herbs or medications to avoid potential interactions. Some herbs and medications may enhance or diminish their effects.

How does Frankincense’s preparation or dosage change for acute versus chronic conditions?

The preparation and dosage of Frankincense can vary depending on whether it’s being used for acute or chronic conditions. For acute conditions, such as temporary inflammation or pain, a lower dose may suffice. For chronic conditions, a consistent and standardized dose may be recommended. Always follow the dosing instructions on the product label or consult a healthcare provider for personalized guidance.

Find the Best Frankincense Products

Thousands of customer reviews are available to help you make the right choice. Embrace the power of nature!

Are there any known withdrawal symptoms when discontinuing the use of Frankincense?

There are no known withdrawal symptoms associated with discontinuing the use of Frankincense. It is generally considered safe and non-addictive. However, if you are using it to manage a chronic condition and decide to stop, it’s advisable to do so under the guidance of a healthcare professional to ensure a smooth transition.

What are the best supplement brands of Frankincense?

The choice of the best supplement brand for frankincense may vary depending on factors like quality, sourcing, and individual preferences. Some reputable brands known for producing high-quality frankincense supplements include Nature’s Way, Solaray, and NOW Foods. It’s essential to look for brands that provide transparent information on the sourcing and purity of their products, as well as independent testing for quality and potency. Additionally, consulting with a healthcare professional or herbalist before starting any supplement regimen is advisable to ensure it aligns with your specific health needs.

Article References & Sources

At AncientHerbsWisdom, our content relies on reputable sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to substantiate the information presented in our articles. Our primary objective is to ensure that our content is thoroughly fact-checked, maintaining a commitment to accuracy, reliability, and trustworthiness.

  1. Al-Yasiry, A. R., & Kiczorowska, B. (2016). Frankincense — therapeutic properties.
  2. Boswellia Serrata. In: LiverTox: Clinical and Research Information on Drug-Induced Liver Injury. Bethesda (MD): National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases; November 4, 2020.
  3. Ammon, H. (2006). Boswellic acids in chronic inflammatory diseases.
  4. Yu G, Xiang W, Zhang T, Zeng L, Yang K, Li J. Effectiveness of Boswellia and Boswellia extract for osteoarthritis patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Complement Med Ther. 2020;20(1):225. doi:10.1186/s12906-020-02985-6
  5. Efferth, T. & Oesch, F. (2022). Anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities of frankincense: Targets, treatments and toxicities [Abstract].
  6. Ferrara T, De Vincentiis G, Di Pierro F. Functional study on Boswellia phytosome as complementary intervention in asthmatic patients. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2015;19(19):3757–3762.
  7. Hakkim, F. L., et al. (2015). Frankincense derived heavy terpene cocktail boosting breast cancer cell (MDA-MB-231) death in vitro [Abstract].
  8. Gupta I, Parihar A, Malhotra P, et al. Effects of gum resin of Boswellia serrata in patients with chronic colitis. Planta Med. 2001;67(5):391-395. doi:10.1055/s-2001-15802.
  9. Siddiqui MZ. Boswellia serrata, a potential antiinflammatory agent: an overview. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2011;73(3):255-261. doi:10.4103/0250-474X.93507
  10. Holtmeier W, Zeuzem S, Preiss J, et al. Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of Boswellia serrata in maintaining remission of Crohn’s disease: good safety profile but lack of efficacy. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2011;17(2):573-582. doi:10.1002/ibd.21345
  11. Han, X., et al. (2017). Biological activities of frankincense essential oil in human dermal fibroblasts.
  12. Gomaa AA, Mohamed HS, Abd-Ellatief RB, et al. Boswellic acids/Boswellia serrata extract as a potential COVID-19 therapeutic agent in the elderly. Inflammopharmacology. 2021;29(4):1033-1048. doi:10.1007/s10787-021-00841-8
  13. Roe AL, Wilcox R, Price JM, et al. An evaluation of potential inhibition of CYP3A4/5 and CYP2C9 enzymatic activity by Boswellia serrata extract. Applied In Vitro Toxicology. 2019; 5(1)
  14. Eshaghian R, Mazaheri M, Ghanadian M, Rouholamin S, Feizi A, Babaeian M. The effect of frankincense (Boswellia serrata, oleoresin) and ginger (Zingiber officinale, rhizoma) on heavy menstrual bleeding: A randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial. Complement Ther Med. 2019;42:42-47. doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2018.09.022.
  15. Ayurvedic medicine: In depth. (2018).
  16. Ammon HP. Boswellic acids and their role in chronic inflammatory diseases. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016;928:291–327. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-41334-1_13
  17. Frank, M. B., et al. (2009). Frankincense oil derived from Boswellia carteri induces tumor cell specific cytotoxicity.
  18. Ahmed M, Hwang JH, Choi S, Han D. Safety classification of herbal medicines used among pregnant women in Asian countries: a systematic review. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017;17(1):489. doi:10.1186/s12906-017-1995-6
  19. Haroyan A, Mukuchyan V, Mkrtchyan N, et al. Efficacy and safety of curcumin and its combination with boswellic acid in osteoarthritis: a comparative, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2018;18(1):7. Published 2018 Jan 9. doi:10.1186/s12906-017-2062-z.
  20. Siddiqui MZ. Boswellia serrata, a potential antiinflammatory agent: an overview. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2011;73(3):255-261. doi:10.4103/0250-474X.93507
  21. Farahani, M. K. , et al. (2022). Evaluation of anticancer effects of frankincense on breast cancer stem-like cells.
  22. Togni S, Maramaldi G, Bonetta A, Giacomelli L, Di Pierro F. Clinical evaluation of safety and efficacy of Boswellia-based cream for prevention of adjuvant radiotherapy skin damage in mammary carcinoma: a randomized placebo controlled trial. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2015;19(8):1338-1344.
  23. Milić N, Milosević N, Golocorbin Kon S, Bozić T, Abenavoli L, Borrelli F. Warfarin interactions with medicinal herbs. Nat Prod Commun. 2014;9(8):1211-1216.
  24. Does frankincense oil have cancer fighting properties? (n.d.).
  25. Gregory PJ, Sperry M, Wilson AF. Dietary supplements for osteoarthritis. AFP. 2008;77(2):177-184.
  26. Kaye, A. D., et al. (2012). Mineral, vitamin, and herbal supplements [Abstract].

Valuable Resources